New York

“NYC” and “New York, New York” redirect here. For other uses, see New York City (disambiguation), NYC (disambiguation), and New York, New York (disambiguation).
New York City
City of New York
Clockwise, from top: Midtown Manhattan, Times Square, the Unisphere in Queens, the Brooklyn Bridge, Lower Manhattan with One World Trade Center, Central Park, the headquarters of the United Nations, and the Statue of Liberty

Flag of New York City
Official seal of New York City
Nickname(s): See Nicknames of New York City
Location in the State of New York
Location in the State of New York
New York is located in USA

New York
New York

Location in the contiguous United States

Coordinates: 40°42′46″N 74°00′21″WCoordinates: 40°42′46″N 74°00′21″W[2]
Country  United States of America
State  New York
Counties Bronx, Kings, New York,Queens, Richmond

Historic colonies New Netherland
Province of New York
Settled 1624
Consolidated 1898
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Body New York City Council
 • Mayor Bill de Blasio (D)
 • Total 468.9 sq mi (1,214 km2)
 • Land 304.8 sq mi (789 km2)
 • Water 164.1 sq mi (425 km2)
 • Metro 13,318 sq mi (34,490 km2)
Elevation[4] 33 ft (10 m)
Population (2015)[7]
 • Total 8,550,405[1]
 • Rank 1st, U.S.
 • Density 28,052.5/sq mi (10,831.1/km2)
 • MSA (2015) 20,182,305[5] (1st)
 • CSA (2015) 23,723,696[6] (1st)
Demonym(s) New Yorker
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code(s) 100xx–104xx, 11004–05, 111xx–114xx, 116xx
Area code(s) 212, 347, 646, 718, 917, 929
FIPS code 36-51000
GNIS feature ID 975772
Largest boroughby area Queens – 109 square miles (280 km2)
Largest borough by population Brooklyn (2,636,735 – 2015 est[8])
Website New York City

The City of New York, often called New York City or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.[9] Located at the southern tip of the State of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, one of the most populousurban agglomerations in the world.[10][11] A global power city,[12] New York City exerts a significant impact upon commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment, its fast pace[13] defining the term New York minute.[14] Home to the headquarters of the United Nations,[15] New York is an important center for international diplomacy[16]and has been described as the cultural and financial capital of the world.[17][18][19][20][21][22]

Situated on one of the world’s largest natural harbors,[23][24] New York City consists of five boroughs, each of which is a separatecounty of New York State.[25] The five boroughs – Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, The Bronx, and Staten Island – were consolidated into a single city in 1898.[26] With a census-estimated 2015 population of 8,550,405[1] distributed over a land area of just 305 square miles (790 km2),[27] New York is the most densely populated major city in the United States.[28] The city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States,[29][30][31] and as many as 800 languages are spoken in New York,[32][33][34] making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world.[33][35][36] By 2015 census estimates, the New York City metropolitan region remains by a significant margin the most populous in the United States, as defined by both the Metropolitan Statistical Area (20.2 million residents)[5] and the Combined Statistical Area (23.7 million residents).[6] In 2013, the MSA produced a gross metropolitan product (GMP) of nearly US$1.39 trillion,[37] while in 2012, the CSA[38]generated a GMP of over US$1.55 trillion, both ranking first nationally by a wide margin and behind the GDP of only twelve and eleven countries, respectively.[39]

New York City traces its roots to its 1624 founding as a trading post by colonists of the Dutch Republic and was named New Amsterdam in 1626.[40] The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664.[40][41][42] New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790.[43] It has been the country’s largest city since 1790.[44] The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the Americas by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries[45] and is a globally recognized symbol of the United States and its democracy.[46]

Many districts and landmarks in New York City have become well known, and the city received a record of nearly 60 million tourists in 2015,[47] hosting three of the world’s ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013.[48] Several sources have ranked New York the most photographed city in the world.[49][50][51] Times Square, iconic as the world’s “heart”[52] and its “Crossroads”,[53] is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District,[54] one of the world’s busiest pedestrian intersections,[55][56] and a major center of the world’s entertainment industry.[57] The names of many of the city’s bridges, skyscrapers,[58] and parks are known around the world. Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City has been called both the most economically powerful city and the leading financial center of the world,[21][59][60][61][62][63] and the city is home to the world’s two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ.[64][65]Manhattan’s real estate market is among the most expensive in the world.[66][67] Manhattan’s Chinatown incorporates the highest concentration of Chinese people in the Western Hemisphere,[68][69] with multiple signature Chinatowns developing across the city.[70][71] Providing continuous 24/7 service,[72] the New York City Subway is one of the most extensive metro systems worldwide, with 469 stations in operation.[73][74][75][76] New York City’s higher education network comprises over 120 colleges and universities, including Columbia University, New York University, and Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top 35 in the world.[77][78]