|Los Angeles, California|
|City of Los Angeles|
|Nickname(s): “L.A.”, “City of Angels”,“Angeltown”, “The Entertainment Capital of the World“, “The Big Orange” “La-la-land”, “Tinseltown”|
Location in Los Angeles County in the state of California
Location in the United States
|Country||United States of America|
|County|| Los Angeles
|CSA||Los Angeles-Long Beach|
|MSA||Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim|
|Pueblo||September 4, 1781|
|Incorporated||April 4, 1850|
|• Body||Los Angeles City Council|
|• Mayor||Eric Garcetti|
|• City Attorney||Mike Feuer|
|• City Controller||Ron Galperin|
|• Charter city||503 sq mi (1,302 km2)|
|• Land||469 sq mi (1,214 km2)|
|• Water||34 sq mi (88 km2) 6.7%|
|Elevation||305 ft (93 m)|
|Highest elevation||5,074 ft (1,547 m)|
|Lowest elevation||0 ft (0 m)|
|Population (July 1, 2014)|
|• Charter city||3,928,864|
|• Rank||2nd U.S.|
|• Density||8,282/sq mi (3,198/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC−8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC−7)|
|ZIP codes||90001–90068, 90070–90084, 90086–90089, 90091, 90093–90097, 90099, 90101–90103, 90174, 90185, 90189, 90291–90293, 91040–91043, 91303–91308, 91342–91349, 91352–91353, 91356–91357, 91364–91367, 91401–91499, 91601–91609|
|Area codes||213, 310/424, 323, 661,747/818|
|GNIS feature IDs||1662328, 2410877|
Los Angeles (i/lɒs ˈændʒəlᵻs/ loss an-jə-ləs or loss an-jə-liss) (Spanish for “The Angels”), officially the City of Los Angeles and often known by its initials L.A., is the second-largest city in the United States after New York City, the most populous city in thestate of California, and the county seat of Los Angeles County.
Situated in Southern California, Los Angeles is known for its mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity, sprawling metropolis, and as a major center of the American entertainment industry. Los Angeles lies in a large coastal basin surrounded on three sides by mountains reaching up to and over 10,000 feet (3,000 m).
Historically home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California. The city was officially founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governorFelipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of theMexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, thereby becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood. The city experienced rapid growth with the discovery of oil.
The city is the focal point of the larger Los Angeles metropolitan area and the Greater Los Angeles Area region, which contains 13 million and over 18 million people, respectively, as of 2010, making it one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the world as well as the second-largest in the United States. Los Angeles is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populatedcounty in the United States. The city’s inhabitants are referred to as Angelenos.
Nicknamed the City of Angels, Los Angeles is a global city with a diverse economy in entertainment, culture, media, fashion, science, sports, technology, education, medicine and research. It has been ranked sixth in the Global Cities Index and 9thGlobal Economic Power Index. The city is home to renowned institutions covering a broad range of professional and cultural fields and is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States. The Los Angeles combined statistical area(CSA) has a gross metropolitan product (GMP) of $831 billion (as of 2008), making it the third-largest in the world, after theGreater Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles includes Hollywood and leads the world in the creation of television productions, video games, and recorded music; it is also one of the leaders in motion picture production. Los Angeles hosted the Summer Olympic Games in 1932 and 1984, and is currently bidding for the 2024 Summer Olympics.